scratch

scratch1 [skrætʃ] v
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(rub your skin)¦
2¦(cut somebody's skin)¦
3¦(make a mark)¦
4¦(animals)¦
5¦(remove something)¦
6¦(remove writing)¦
7¦(make a noise)¦
8 scratch the surface
9 scratch your head
10¦(stop something happening)¦
11¦(remove from race)¦
12 you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours
Phrasal verbs
 scratch around
 scratch something<=>out
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[Date: 1300-1400; Origin: Probably from scrat 'to scratch' (13-19 centuries) + cratch 'to scratch' (13-16 centuries)]
1.) ¦(RUB YOUR SKIN)¦ [I and T]
to rub your skin with your nails because it feels uncomfortable
→↑itch
John yawned and scratched his leg.
Try not to scratch.
scratch at
He was scratching at the bites on his arm.
2.) ¦(CUT SOMEBODY'S SKIN)¦ [I and T]
to cut someone's skin slightly with your nails or with something sharp
She ran at him and scratched his face.
Don't scratch yourself on the thorns.
3.) ¦(MAKE A MARK)¦ [T]
to make a small cut or mark on something by pulling something sharp across it
I'm afraid I've scratched your car.
Some of the prisoners had scratched their names on the walls.
4.) ¦(ANIMALS)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if an animal scratches, it rubs its feet against something, often making a noise
A few chickens scratched around in the yard.
scratch at
a dog scratching at the door to be let in
5.) ¦(REMOVE SOMETHING)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to remove something from a surface by rubbing it with something sharp
scratch sth off/away etc
I scratched away a little of the paint with my fingernail.
6.) ¦(REMOVE WRITING)¦ [T always + adverb/preposition]
to remove a word from a piece of writing by drawing a line through it
scratch sth from/off sth
I have scratched his name from the list.
7.) ¦(MAKE A NOISE)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to make a rough sound by moving something sharp across a surface
His pen scratched away on the paper.
8.) scratch the surface
to deal with only a very small part of a subject or problem
scratch the surface of
I think we have only scratched the surface of this problem.
9.) scratch your head informal
to think carefully about a difficult question or problem
This crisis has politicians scratching their heads and wondering what to do.
10.)¦(STOP SOMETHING HAPPENING)¦ [T] informal
if you scratch an idea or a plan, you decide that you will not do it
11.) ¦(REMOVE FROM RACE)¦ [I and T] informal
if someone scratches from a race, or if you scratch them from the race, they do not take part in it
12.) you scratch my back, I'll scratch yours
spoken used to say that you will help someone if they agree to help you
scrape/scratch a living atliving2 (1)
scratch around phr v
to try to find or get something which is difficult to find or get
scratch around for
homeless people scratching around for a place to shelter
scratch out [scratch sth<=>out] phr v
to remove a word from a piece of writing by drawing a line through it
Emma's name had been scratched out.
scratch 2
scratch2 n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(cut)¦
2¦(mark)¦
3 from scratch
4 up to scratch
5¦(rub)¦
6¦(sound)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(CUT)¦
a small cut on someone's skin
There were deep scratches all over her face.
Don't worry, it's only a scratch (=not a serious injury) .
She was unharmed apart from a few cuts and scratches.
2.) ¦(MARK)¦
a thin mark or cut on the surface of something
There was a big scratch on the car door.
3.) from scratch
if you start something from scratch, you begin it without using anything that existed or was prepared before
We had to start again from scratch .
He had built the business up from scratch .
4.) up to scratch
BrE informal good enough for a particular standard
Some of this work isn't up to scratch.
bring/get sth up to scratch
We spent thousands of pounds getting the house up to scratch.
5.) ¦(RUB)¦ [singular]
especially BrE when you rub part of your body with your nails because it feels uncomfortable
He stretched and had a scratch .
He brushed his hair and gave his scalp a good scratch .
6.) ¦(SOUND)¦
a sound made by something sharp or rough being rubbed on a hard surface
I heard the scratch of a match lighting a cigarette.
scratch 3
scratch3 adj [no comparative]
1.) a scratch team or group of people has been put together in a hurry, using anyone that is available
2.) a scratch player in golf is very good and is not given any advantage in games

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon

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